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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 119-125

Structural equation modeling of risk-taking behaviors based on personality dimensions and risk power

1 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Center of Excellence for Occupational Health, Occupational Health and Safety Research Center, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 PHD Student, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4 Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Farzaneh Mollabahrami
Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/iahs.iahs_10_20

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Aims: Risk-taking behaviors in industries can be one of the essential reasons for unsafe behavior and incident. The purpose of this study was to investigate the interactions between risk-taking behaviors and personality dimensions and develop a model with partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). Methodology: This cross-sectional analytical study was carried out on 96 participants in Hamadan in the west of Iran in 2016. Risk power and personality dimensions of individuals were evaluated using a questionnaire, and risk-taking behavior was also assessed using a balloon analog risk test. The data were modeled using PLS-SEM. Results: In females, the neuroticism dimension had a significant relationship with risk-taking behaviors (P < 0.001). Besides, in males, there was a significant relationship between risk-taking behaviors and extraversion (P < 0.001). Furthermore, people who were more inclined to social acceptance were more risk-averse and self-reported more risk-taking behaviors (P < 0.05). The results of this study showed that people with different personality dimensions have different risk-taking behaviors. Conclusion: Studying individuals and errors that may be committed, the system can be in a way that individuals' unsafe behaviors will reduce.

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