ORC ID , Zahra Akashe2, Mohammad Reza Maracy3, Reza Bagherian-Sararoudi4 ORC ID ">
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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-46

The relationship between personality traits and adherence among patients with hypertension


1 Department of Psychiatry, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Statistic and Epidemiology, School of Health, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Health Psychology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Assoc. Prof. Reza Bagherian-Sararoudi
Department of Health Psychology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/iahs.iahs_61_19

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Aims: Hypertension is a serious health problem that requires lifelong treatment. The patient's nonadherence with antihypertensive medications is the major factor in treatment failure. Previous studies have suggested that adherence may be related to psychological factors consisting of personality traits. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 194 hypertensive patients referred to Alzahra Cardiovascular Clinic. The patients were asked to complete two questionnaires, including the NEO Big Five and adherence questionnaire. Results: Statistical analyses showed a significant negative correlation between neuroticism and medical adherence (CC = −0.148, PV = 0.002, CI = −0.240/−0.056), and extroversion had a significant positive correlation (CC = 0.161, PV = 0.001, CI = 0.260/0.052). The other aspects of personality traits had no significant correlation with medical adherence. Conclusion: Neuroticism may be a negative predictor and extroversion may be a positive predictor of medical adherence in hypertensive patients.


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