|LETTER TO EDITOR
|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 149-150
Preventing the emergence of antimicrobial resistance among food-producing animals
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava1, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava2
1 Vice-Principal Curriculum, Member of the Medical Education Unit and Institute Research Council, Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet Taluk, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed to be University, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet Taluk, Kancheepuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
|Date of Submission||11-Jun-2019|
|Date of Decision||29-Jun-2019|
|Date of Acceptance||30-Jun-2019|
|Date of Web Publication||26-Aug-2019|
Dr. Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava
Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth – Deemed To Be University, Tiruporur-Guduvancherry Main Road, Ammapettai, Nellikuppam, Chengalpet Taluk, Kancheepuram - 603 108, Tamil Nadu
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS. Preventing the emergence of antimicrobial resistance among food-producing animals. Int Arch Health Sci 2019;6:149-50
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has emerged as one of the major global public health concerns, and it has been predicted that in the absence of immediate measures to combat the same, the time is not far enough when we have to live in a postantibiotic era. Even though a large number of practices have attributed for the exaggeration of the problem, irrational use of antibiotics in food-producing animals remains the key potential factor for the development of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria.,,
As a matter of fact, it has been reported that in some of the nations, the use of antibiotics among animals is 4 times more than that in humans, and these are used more for growth promotion and disease prophylaxis and not for treating sick animals. This practice has led to the development of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria which are then transmitted to humans either through direct contact or through the food chain., Once a human acquires infection from these resistant bacteria, it accounts for prolonged duration of illness, more chances of admission in health-care facilities, no effectiveness of the treatment, increased risk of nosocomial infections, and deaths., In addition, this also accounts for a massive burden on the health-care delivery system and catastrophic financial expenditure.
The available estimates depict that on an annual basis, 0.4 million people are dying owing to food-borne diseases, and this is an alarming concern for the global leaders and the policy-makers. To deal with the problem, various steps have been taken such as the formulation of the global action plan on AMR, adoption of One Health approach, and involvement of all the concerned agencies for the better planning and implementation of the decided strategies. Further, the World Health Organization has also released a new set of guidelines and recommendations to minimize the adverse effects which have been attributed to the indiscriminate use of antibiotics in food-producing animals.
The first and foremost recommendation is to decrease the use of all antimicrobials as a whole among the animals. Then, the use of antimicrobials for the purpose of growth promotion and for the prevention of communicable diseases which have been not clinically confirmed yet has been totally prohibited. However, their use can be justified only after a veterinary professional anticipates that there is an immense risk of the transmission of disease. In addition, it has been recommended that as a first line, only those antimicrobials should be used which are not yet used in humans, while the use of other medicines (that are used in humans) in animals should be dependent on the culture and sensitivity results. The need of the hour is that all these recommendations should be strictly adhered and the policy-makers at national level should take the desired steps for the transmission and implementation of these evidence-based guidelines.,,,
In conclusion, the problem of AMR among food-producing animals has to be dealt in a concerted manner for improving the quality of life of current and future generation of humans.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| References|| |
Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Responding to the challenge of antibiotic resistance: World Health Organization. J Res Med Sci 2018;23:21.
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Shrivastava SR, Shrivastava PS, Ramasamy J. Necessity to invest in research and development activities to combat the threat of antimicrobial resistance: World Health Organization. Indian J Health Sci Biomed Res 2018;11:101-2. [Full text]
World Health Organization. WHO Guidelines on Use of Medically Important Antimicrobials in Food-Producing Animals. Geneva: WHO Press; 2017. p. 1-13.