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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 93-100

Relationship between developmental assets and addiction potential with regard to mediating role of alexithymia in adolescents of Arak, Iran


1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Khomein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomein, Iran
2 Department of Psychometrics, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hossein Davoudi
Department of Psychology, College of Humanistic, Khomein Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomein
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/iahs.iahs_55_18

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Aims: This study aimed at presenting a model for addiction potential based on developmental assets mediating by alexithymia in adolescents living in Arak, Iran. Materials and Methods: Five hundred members were selected as samples (n = 500) among female and male second-grade high school students at the tenth and eleventh academic grades in Arak using cluster random sampling. To collect data, Iranian Addiction Potential Scale, Toronto Alexithymia Scale and Developmental Assets Profile were used. The data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling and LISREL Software. Results: Model fit indices had suitable model fit with data. Internal developmental assets with path coefficient of B = −0.48 were more effective in reducing addiction potential compared with external developmental assets with path coefficient of B = −0.27. Positive identity, empowerment, and social competency were the most effective components of developmental assets in reducing addiction potential. Internal assets could explain addiction potential in adolescence more than external assets. Conclusion: Direct effect of developmental assets on addiction potential was confirmed and its indirect effect with mediation of alexithymia was significant. Moreover, results showed that only internal developmental asset had an effect on addiction potential in adolescents mediating by alexithymia, so the effect of external developmental asset on addiction potential in adolescents based on the mediation of alexithymia was rejected.


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