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IAHS 2016, 3(3): 139-143 Back to browse issues page
Self-Immolation in Kermanshah City, Iran; a Serious Suicide Intention?
J. Shakeri 1, E. Mohamadi 2, K. Valinia 3, M. Hakim Shooshtari *4
1- “Behavioral Sciences Research Center” and “Psychiatry Department, Medicine Faculty”, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
2- Psychiatry Department, Medicine Faculty, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Psychiatry Department, Medicine Faculty, Kermamshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermamshah, Iran
4- “Mental Health Research Center, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry” and “Faculty of Behavioral Sciences & Mental Health”, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , mitra.hakim@gmail.com
Abstract:   (505 Views)


Aims: The reason of selecting self-immolation as a mean to commit suicide is unclear. This study was designed to compare 2 groups of people with and without intention to suicide that had self-immolated.

Instrument & Methods: All 227 self-immolated patients who had been admitted to the burn unit of Imam Khomeini Hospital of Kermanshah City, Iran, during 2003 to 2004  participated in this cross-sectional study. All the samples and their families were interviewed and a psychiatrist completed DSM-IV symptom checklist. Data were analyzed by SPSS 11 using descriptive statistic methods, two-sample T and Chi-square tests.

Findings: 126 of the patients (55.5%) had suicidal intent and 97 (42.7%) reported prior suicidal plan. The mortality rate of the suicidal intent patients was 61.1% and non-suicidal intent patients was 36.6%. Personality disorder was the only psychiatric problem that was significantly different between two groups of patients with and without intent of suicide.

Conclusion: Self-immolation cannot be considered as a suicidal attempt in Kermanshah City, Iran.

Keywords: Self-immolation, Suicide, Suicide, Attempted
Full-Text [PDF 349 kb]   (222 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Mental Health and Psychosocial Hazards
Received: 2016/06/4 | Accepted: 2016/08/10 | Published: 2016/11/15
* Corresponding Author Address: Next to Mansouri Street, Niyayesh Avenue, Sattarkhan Avenue, Tehran, Iran
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Shakeri J, Mohamadi E, Valinia K, Hakim Shooshtari M. Self-Immolation in Kermanshah City, Iran; a Serious Suicide Intention?. IAHS. 2016; 3 (3) :139-143
URL: http://iahs.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-94-en.html

issue 3, Issue 3 (Summer 2016) Back to browse issues page
International Archives of Health Sciences
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