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IAHS 2016, 3(1): 7-12 Back to browse issues page
Level of Knowledge about Human Papillomavirus Infection among Women of Kashan City, Iran
M.S. Nekooi1, Sh. Ayazi1, M. Gandomi2, S.Gh. Moosavi3, A. Fakhri *4
1- Public Health Department, Public Health School, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
2- District Health Center of Aran and Bidgol, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Aran & Bidgol, Iran
3- Statistics & Epidemiology Department, Public Health School, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
4- Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center and Department of Environment Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, IR Iran , Email: fakhri-a@kaums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (629 Views)

Abstract

Aims: A few studies concentrate on the level of knowledge of HPV. This study was conducted to evaluate the level of knowledge about HPV, its risk factors, and its relation with cervical cancer in women of Kashan City, Iran.

Instrument & Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in January 2015 in the population of the women of Kashan City, Iran, and 200 persons were selected by simple sampling method. The level of knowledge about HPV and cervical cancer were measured using a questionnaire with 10 questions about knowledge. The data was analyzed in SPSS 16 software by Chi-square, Exact Fisher and Kruskal-Wallis tests.

Findings: Most of the participants (152 persons; 76%) had “weak, 26 participants (13%) had “moderate” and only 22 participants (11%) had “strong” level of knowledge about HPV. There were significant differences between the level of knowledge according to educational level (p=0.014) and professional status (p<0.001) but there were no differences according to marital status (p=0.9) and age (p>0.05). In all the questions, the most frequent answer was “don’t know”. The participants had some knowledge about “HPV causing cervical cancer” (34.5%), “HPV causing genital warts” (38%), “sexually transmission of HPV” (37.5%) and “increased risk of getting HPV by extramarital sexual affairs” (43.5%)

Conclusion: The level of knowledge about HPV, genital warts, and ways of infection transmission and its preventions in women of Kashan City, Iran, is insufficient.

Keywords: Human Papilloma Virus, Knowledge, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Full-Text [PDF 381 kb]   (298 Downloads)    
Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Preventive and Community Medicine
Received: 2015/11/5 | Accepted: 2016/02/15 | Published: 2016/03/14
* Corresponding Author Address: Post Address: Department of Public Health and Statistics, School of Public Health, 5th km Ravand Road, Kashan, Iran
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Nekooi M, Ayazi S, Gandomi M, Moosavi S, Fakhri A. Level of Knowledge about Human Papillomavirus Infection among Women of Kashan City, Iran. IAHS. 2016; 3 (1) :7-12
URL: http://iahs.kaums.ac.ir/article-1-73-en.html
Volume 3, Number 1 (Winter 2016) Back to browse issues page
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